Monday 1st November, 1915
Could not land during night as sea too rough so about 6 a.m. heaved up
steamed into harbour at Embros, three large monitors were here each mounting
14" guns, the Havelock, Abercrombie and Raglan, also three or four
monitors. Some supply ships, destroyers and half a dozen battleships among
the Swiftsure, sister ship to the Triumph, were the ships in harbour.
anchor till 5 p.m. when we ran close in and disembarked, thought to be
too rough to
land at Anzac tonight. Had been ashore half an hour when received orders
back on board Newmarket, did so and steamed across to Anzac and after
trouble and knocking about were landed at jetty by Walkers Ridge at 11.30
down on beach to await orders.
Tuesday 2nd November, 1915
About 4 a.m. received orders to move from beach to a gully close to Waldon
which we reached at 5 a.m. Close to the position we left when we went
for our rest. Lay down just as I was utterly done up and slept till about
7 a.m. when I
was woke and had to go with others to the beach to unload our stores from
Worked hard all day just like a wharf labourer till 4.30 p.m. It has been
a hot day,
strong wind blowing making it most uncomfortable. Tired out, dirty and
arrived back in our camp about 5.30 p.m. Have not had a meal since Saturday,
a bit of bully beef and biscuit when could snatch a minute or two. Not
had a wash or
shave since Saturday and so utterly exhausted, undressed and turned in
p.m. Not needing rocking.
Wednesday 3rd November, 1915
Woke about 7 a.m. this morning. Cruiser putting few shells in to enemy
cause of my waking, got dressed and went about a mile and a half for a
wash and to
fill my water bottle. Arrived back, made some tea and had breakfast, have
for ourselves at present until settled. After breakfast were told not
to leave camp as
might have to move any time, so lay down and rested. Our artillery is
today, also the Turks keep putting one or two over. At 2 p.m. orders read
out the B
section move off at 8 a.m. in the morning, A and C sections wait for further
Seven reinforcements arrived for us today. Nothing further of note, been
day, turned in about 6.30 p.m.
Thursday 4th November, 1915
Up about 6.30 a.m. and went down to well for wash and water for breakfast.
has risen during night and dust is blowing in clouds. After breakfast
some mail was
brought up and I received several letters and a parcel, first letters
from home for
nearly a month. At 8 a.m. B section moved off to form an advanced dressing
station. Nothing much doing during day, little fatigue work, cleaning
Went to No. 2 outpost to see if any more mail this afternoon, was none,
raining about 3.30 p.m. so shifted our kits to another dugout and made
wind blowing very strong. Sharp rally of rifle fire and bombs with an
from our destroyers at 6.30 p.m. was in bed at the time.
Friday 5th November, 1915
Up about 6 a.m. went down to well for wash then had breakfast. After breakfast
helped to clean up camp and about 10 a.m. went round to Waldon Grove along
a fatigue party to get ready to take up position there. Went back for
dinner and at
1.30 p.m. took our kits round to Waldon Grove and took over from 7th Field
Ambulance. We had 12 men in hospital. This is the same position we left
went to Lemnos for a rest. Enemy shelled over us during afternoon, some
falling very near us, only 10 and 20 yards away. Was working till 7 p.m.
when I got a
dugout partly made and turned in about 8 p.m.
Saturday 6th November, 1915
Up at 6 a.m. and on duty at 7 a.m. Sick parades etc. kept us going all
bearers got us two large hospital tents up during morning and we moved
patients into them shortly after dinner. Believe we are going to act partly
stationary hospital as well as a Field Ambulance. Working hard all day
hospital fixed up properly and panniers and medical stores unpacked. Twenty
patients in today. Saw one of our aeroplanes up, something evidently went
as it came down very quickly and alighted in the sea close to Cape Suvla,
boats got to it at once. Off duty about 8 p.m. Turned in about 8.30 p.m.
Sunday 7th November, 1915
Up at 6 a.m. and on duty at 7 a.m. Breakfast for patients, sick parades
and tidying hospital, went the rounds with Captain Welch, about forty
Very busy all morning, sick coming in continuously and one man shot through
thigh. Not quite so busy after dinner. Enemy shelled over our way again
destroyers and a cruiser soon silenced their guns. Admitted few more patients,
tents almost full up now. Could hear a sharp rally of rifle fire again
Gave patients tea about 5 p.m. and fixed them up for night, going off
duty at 7 p.m.
turning in shortly afterwards.
Monday 8th November, 1915
Up at 6.30 a.m. on duty at 7 a.m. Patients breakfast about 7.30 a.m.,
tidy up ready
to go round with doctor about 9 a.m. After this sick parades, foments,
giving out medicines keeps us going till dinner time about 12 noon. Dinner
cleaned up by about 1 p.m. then foments, dressings, medicines, etc. after
are not quite so busy till tea time about 5 p.m. Tea over and cleaned
up by about 6
p.m. after which we give out medicines and make patients comfortable for
finishing duty at 7 p.m. when night shift takes over. The weather still
continues to be
splendid. Turned in about 8.30 p.m.
Tuesday 9th November, 1915
Up at 6.30 a.m. and on duty at 7 a.m. The same routine with regards to
admittances and discharges. Our tents full and four more hospital tents
been put up
this morning. Enemy put few shells over, our battery soon quietened them.
battery of our 5" howitzers are not a 100 yards from us and do some
good work. A
bullet went through hospital tent during night, passed through sleeve
of a patient,
just grazing the skin and drawing blood. Major Clayton and Captain Jeffries
back from Alexandria. Very nice day but gets dark early in the evening,
p.m. Very busy all day. Off duty at 7 p.m. and turned in 8.30 p.m.
Wednesday 10th November,
A small sortie was attempted by a few men from 16th Batt. during the night,
one man wounded. Was up at 6.30 a.m. and on duty at 7 a.m. Hospital was
about 50 patients, all inclined to get worse or to be serious we send
breakfast, cleaned up, went rounds with Major Clayton and went through
parade, foments, dressings, etc. keeping us busy till dinner time. Cleaned
dinner and then wrote some letters. Turks heavily shelled our Divisional
Headquarters during afternoon, situated at No. 2 Outpost, we had a few
Finished my writing after knocking off duty at 7 p.m. and went to sleep
about 9 p.m.
Thursday 11th November, 1915
Up at 6.30 a.m. and on duty at 7 a.m. Patients breakfast at 8 a.m. got
and then thoroughly turned hospital tent out and cleaned it, before 10
Major Clayton did his rounds. Sick parade followed by foments, dressings,
keeping us flying round till dinner time. Cleaned up after dinner then
had it fairly
quiet till tea time. During morning Turks shelled No. 2 outpost again,
casualties, we are situated further on than the outpost, shells passing
Posted my letters as mail leaves today for Australia, supposed to be Christmas
Off duty 7 p.m. Turned in 8 p.m.
Friday 12th November, 1915
Rained a little during night and as I did not wake I got a little wet.
Was up at 6.30
a.m. and on duty at 7 a.m. Got breakfast, washed up, then turned hospital
thoroughly cleaned it. About 9.30 a.m. went round with Major Clayton and
corporal, could not send any to Casualty Clearing Hospital as they are
blown out of their position yesterday by the Turks, high explosive shells.
till dinner time dressings, foments, medicines etc. Washed and cleaned
dinner and then things were a bit quieter, about 4.30 p.m. Turks guns
and our own
started firing fairly vigorously. Off duty 7 pm. Turned in 8 p.m.
Saturday 13th November, 1915
Up at 6.30 a.m. and on duty at 7 a.m. Breakfast, washed up and cleaned
right through. Went round with Major Clayton and the Corporal, one or
discharged well again and some sent to Casualty Clearing station to be
sent to base.
Sick parade followed with a number of admittances and numerous foments,
dressings etc. About 80 on sick parade this morning, kept very busy till
dinner over, then gave medicines out did foments and dressings took temperatures
till tea time. Few shells fired today by both sides but nothing of consequence.
fine day, off duty at 7.30 p.m. and turned in 8.30 p.m.
Sunday 14th November, 1915
Up at 6.30 a.m. had breakfast and on duty at 7.30 a.m. 29th week since
at Gaba-Tepe. Breakfast for patients and cleaned out thoroughly. Sunday
is just as
other days with us here. Went round hospital with Major Clayton and Corporal
quite full up about 48 patients, but they take some feeding and looking
parade and dressings medicine etc. filled up the morning till dinner time.
Have not a
second to spare during mornings. After dinner a little slack so did some
improved my dugout a little till tea time. Been fairly nice day. Few shells
exchanged. Off duty 7.30 p.m. Turned in 8 p.m.
Monday 15th November, 1915
Up at 6.30 a.m. had my breakfast and on duty at 7.30 a.m. Got patients
and washed up cleaned hospital out then went through sick parade with
Furber our acting Adjutant. About 30 on sick parade, some admitted to
some sent to base, others just treated and sent back to lines. Dressings
etc. kept us
busy till dinner time. One of tent division has fallen sick with jaundice.
day all afternoon. Heavy bombardment of our ships down Achi-Baba way,
about 5 p.m., our batteries and ships round our way bombarded enemy a
our left known as hill 60. Off duty at 7.30 p.m. and turned in 9 p.m.
Tuesday 16th November, 1915
Very wild and windy night. Heavy thunderstorm and vivid lightning but
stood it well and I slept well and was up at 6.30 a.m. and on duty at
Breakfast and cleaned up hospital then did sick parade with Captain Welch,
afterwards medicines , dressings etc. till dinner time. One of our brigade
wounded, told us they sapped under Turkish trench on knoll 60, placed
a charge of
explosives and blew it up, taking possession of the remains without any
loss at all
last night. Wrote some letters during the afternoon, also received a letter
this morning. After tea did some more writing. Has been a lovely day since
daybreak. Turned in 8 p.m.
Wednesday 17th November, 1915
Up at 6.30 a.m. and on duty at 7.30 a.m. Breakfast for patients then cleaned
thoroughly out. Went through sick parade with Captain Furber, then medicines
dressings etc. till dinner time. During morning enemy shelled over our
consistently, a huge lump of a 6 inch shell passed through our hospital
gaping holes and missing a patient by about a foot, we kept the piece
of shell in
hospital as a memento, it weighs about 12lbs, just a big jagged piece
of the shell
case. Fairly quiet during afternoon, wind rising very strong, dust being
so bad hardly
see, like a fog. Commenced rain about 7 p.m. Off duty at 7.30 p.m. in
bed 9 p.m.
Thursday 18th November, 1915
Terrible night last night, did not undress, rained in torrents and wind
threatening to carry the coverings off our dugouts. Rain drove into my
some extent so laid my oil sheet, put on my greatcoat, rolled up in my
putting on oil sheet over all went to sleep.
Woke at 6.30 a.m. very cold morning but fine. On duty at 7.30 a.m. Breakfast,
cleaned hospital and did sick parade with Captain Welch, dressing etc.
time. Turks put few shells over again this morning, few shrapnel bullets
through our hospital tent, no one hit. 14 shrapnel bullets went through
one bell tent
alongside our hospital, fortunately no one inside although our fellows
round, quiet this afternoon. Finished duty and turned in about 8 p.m.
Friday 19th November, 1915
Very cold night again, woke at 6.30 a.m. and on duty at 7.30 a.m. Breakfast
patients and cleaned up. Went through sick parade with Captain Furber,
medicines, dressings, etc. kept us busy till dinner time. Not quite so
afternoon. Enemy shelled our lines fairly heavily this afternoon also
enemy's shells bursting on our trenches on Suvla Hills. Our ships and
silenced them then shelled their trenches heavily. Received news today
work of Allies on all fronts, seem to be gradually breaking the Germans.
aeroplane dropped couple of bombs near us this evening. Off duty 7.30
in 8.30 p.m. Fine day.
Saturday 20th November,
Up at 6.30 a.m. and on duty at 7.30 a.m. Weather has got very cold at
nights and in
the mornings. Did sick parade with Captain Welch, medicines and dressing
occupying rest of morning, not so much to do during afternoon so read
murder of Nurse E. Cavell by the Germans, would like to have hold of a
few of them.
Our ships did some fine shooting yesterday, their target being a flour
mill about 11
miles inland, scored direct hits at once and soon demolished it. This
ships and batteries firing heavily again, don't know yet what target is.
aeroplane flew over this evening. Off duty at 7.30 p.m. turned in 8.30
Sunday 21st November, 1915
Up at 6 a.m. and on duty at 7.30 a.m. Has been bitter cold all day. Breakfast
patients and cleaning up, then did sick parade with Captain Furber, afterwards
medicines, dressings, fixing up newly admitted patients and discharges
who are quite well again kept us very busy till dinner time. Not so busy
from about 2.15 p.m. till 4 p.m. but from 4 p.m. to 6 p.m. when tea is
over we are
very busy and have plenty to keep us buzzing till 7.30 p.m. when we are
the night shift. Few exchanges of shells by our ship's batteries and enemy's
batteries and a sharp rally of rifle firing this evening, don't know what
Turned in at 8 p.m.
Monday 22nd November, 1915
Up at 6.30 a.m. and on duty at 7.30 a.m. Very cold again all day today.
parade with Captain Welch and usual busy morning till dinner time. This
we had a gas alarm and all had to fall in with our gas helmets on just
have to carry them with us always as enemy is expected to use gas. Had
change for dinner little fried steak and spoonful of boiled cabbage. Not
in hospital this afternoon so had a read, our batteries and warships doing
of firing enemy replying very weakly.
Off duty at 7.30 p.m. and turned in 8 p.m. Usually after turning in I
read for an hour,
have made a small kerosene lamp.
Tuedsay 23rd November, 1915
Was up at 6.30 a.m. and on duty at 7.30 a.m. Very cold again today. Did
parade with Captain Furber, about 20 men being on sick parade. Were a
and had to bustle in style as Captain Furber insisted on us leaving our
falling in on parade at 9 a.m. and having half an hours marching and doubling
and down the track, seems ridiculous as shell might come anytime and in
formation would pretty near wipe the lot of us out, it is very dangerous.
managed to get mornings work done by dinner time. Very quiet after dinner,
shells exchanged and at 7.30 p.m. off duty and in bed 8 p.m.
Wednesday 24th November, 1915
Our ships heavily bombarding down Achi-Baba way all night. Up at 6.30
on duty at 7.30 a.m. Not so cold today but still slightly chilly. Fell
in on parade and
had half hours marching at 9 a.m. then did sick parade which was a large
Captain Welch. Took us till 11.45 a.m. to get through it going our hardest,
jaundice going about. This afternoon and evening was writing in my spare
Enemy shelled our lines fairly heavily, our ships and batteries replied
shut up. Our ships bombarding down south again this evening. Sharp rifle
our left for about 1/2 hour. Off duty at 7.30 p.m. turned in 8 p.m.
Thursday 25th November, 1915
Up at 6.30 a.m. and on duty at 7.30 a.m. Very cold and chilly again today.
Breakfast for patients then had to fall in on parade at 9 a.m. and had
doubling up the track till 9.45 a.m. Had then to clean up and get ready
for the doctor
very much behind, all bustle and hurry. Did sick parade with Captain Furber,
me busy till dinner time. Not much to do this afternoon, few odd jobs
Have heard today that our batteries and men in trenches have received
orders not to
fire for 48 hours unless specially ordered, don't know what is doing,
few shells from
Turks but no reply from us, seems like some game on. Off duty 7.30 p.m.
Friday 26th November, 1915
Enemy seem to be uneasy, put shells over last night, unusual for them
and have been doing some today, can't understand our silence, but our
not replied and our rifles are remarkably quiet. Warships have fired few
at 6.30 a.m. on duty at 7.30 a.m. breakfast for patients and on parade
at 9 a.m. and
half an hours marching up and down track. Cleaned up hospital and did
with Captain Welch, took till dinner time. One of our boys hit today.
our lines this afternoon. This evening heavy thunder storm, lightning
and rain most
violent. Pitch black night, hill side slippery, hardly walk or climb,
have to wait for
lightning to see way. Off duty 7.30 p.m. in bed 8.30 p.m.
Saturday 27th November, 1915
An awful night last night. Thunderstorm and rained in torrents, got washed
out of my
dugout and had to sleep in hospital tent. Woke at 6 a.m. and on duty at
Breakfast for patients and cleaned up, then did sick parade with Captain
took till dinner time. The mud is awful and am plastered with it, also
very cold and
raining of and on all day. Our batteries gave enemy lively half hours
midday. This afternoon made my dugout little more secure against rain
my bed up off the ground which is wet. Finished duty at 7.30 p.m. and
about 8.30 p.m. Cold again tonight.
Sunday 28th November, 1915
Up at 6 a.m. this morning, my 25th birthday and found about two inches
of snow all
over, looked pretty but bitter cold. On duty at 7.30 a.m. and got patients
The ground under snow all soft and up to knees in mud, hard to keep your
sick parade with Captain Welch and was busy tramping about through mud
snow all morning, stopped snowing about midday but blowing very strong
Not much doing this afternoon, trying to keep warm. Toes feel nearly frozen
been warm all day. Came off duty at 7.30 p.m. and turned in about 8 p.m.
very hard tonight and wind biting.
Monday 29th November, 1915
Very cold night, managed to sleep although not too warm, up about 6 a.m.
jumped about to warm my feet, ground frozen as hard as iron. On duty 7.30
Breakfast for patients and cleaned up afterwards doing the sick parade
Furber which kept me busy till dinner time. After dinner was not quite
so busy, so
took a trip to some old dugouts and got a few sand bags and a couple of
sheets for roof of my dugout. Back in time for temperatures, medicines,
etc. at 4
p.m. then got patients tea and finished duty at 7.30 p.m. Been a very
cold day with
strong sharp wind. Turned into bed about 8 p.m.
Tuesday 30th November, 1915
Very cold night again and frosty this morning when I got up about 6 a.m.
duty at 7.30 a.m. Patients breakfast, cleaned up and did sick parade with
Welch. Heard today that several English soldiers had died from exposure
day or two, also the Indians seem to be feeling the cold badly. Turned
out a lovely
day. During afternoon had quiet spell so put couple of hours in altering
my dugout to
stand the weather, also two Cruisers and battleship Agamemnon heavily
enemy a little to the south of our position. Enemy put few shells very
close to us
today. Off duty at 7.30 p.m. turned in 9 p.m.