Saturday 1st May,
Was awakened by heavy shell fire about 4.15 a.m. The Turks were putting
over us, most of it going in the sea, one spent bullet dropped on the
alongside me, but did no harm. Had to go on at our dressing station at
5.15 a.m., 17
wounded men had come in during night, none serious. Sent them all to clearing
hospital at 10 a.m. Was assisting at dressing station on beach for a couple
before I had dinner. Not many casualties this morning such as were, were
serious. Several died, two were shot while working on beach. Shot and
over and all round us all day. Barricaded our dugouts against shell splinters.
that C. Howlett had been wounded.
Sunday 2nd May, 1915
Pretty quiet all night, only a few shells from the enemy and not so much
rifle fire, our
boys have driven them back. Up at 6 a.m. Have been at fatigue work all
and shovel work. Eleven Turks were captured not far from our dug out this
Have got about 18 patients in our hospital, most of them pure exhaustion,
3 or 4
slightly wounded. Some of our troops have been horribly mutilated by shrapnel.
Three more of our corps have been wounded today. Am in fine health myself.
Reinforcements arrived last night. Heard rumour that "Goeben"
had been sunk by
submarine AE2. At 8 p.m. four of us volunteered to go to trenches and
stretcher bearers, was out till 2 a.m., brought one of our own corps in
arm and chest. Was a perfect hell. Bearer work most dangerous of all.
praising bearers for brave work.
Monday 3rd May, 1915
Got in 2 a.m. this morning from doing bearer work, wonder we have any
have to go through and carry patients through a valley and along a creek
bullets are falling like rain and where the enemies snipers are concealed.
our bearers was shot dead during night. About 7 a.m. shrapnel fell all
dugout and 2 fellows sleeping next to me were both hit on the feet with
bullets, fortunately spent, only bruised. At 9 a.m. went on hospital,
mostly dysentry and exhaustion. Was busy till 5 p.m. Shrapnel fell all
camp during afternoon, 12 men were wounded round us and 1 killed. Our
took a hill early this morning but lost a terrible lot of men, they are
having a hard and
nerve-racking time. Things pretty quiet tonight. Feel fine myself.
Tuesday 4th May, 1915
Up at 6 a.m. Cooked bacon and fried biscuits for breakfast. After breakfast
down to the dressing station on beach but practically no wounded were
coming in so
tried to find some pals in other regiments but could get no news of them.
doing after dinner so had a sleep till 5 p.m. Had tea and went out for
a look round.
The British marines on our left flank were busily trenching and barricading
expectation of a night attack by the Turks. It was a very poor attack
and was easily
beaten off. Had it been much another fellow and myself had arranged to
help repel it. Paid visit to battery of New Zealand artillery, the crew
of which we have
made friends with but nothing was doing. Three more of our corps were
Wednesday 5th May, 1915
Got up at 7 a.m. had breakfast, our day for fatigue duty. Were shifted
out of our
dugout and had to dig another further up the gully. Firing not so severe
enemy seem quietened. Had an issue of cigarettes and tobacco. Two more
corps were severely wounded today, also Captain Jeffries of B. Section.
reinforcements arrived today for some of the Australian battalions. Not
wounded brought in today. Our boys are doing splendid but are having to
fiercely. It seems awful when one walks along the beach and sees the number
graves of our boys and one is thankful to be alive. The Australian 2nd
about 5000 New Zealanders were taken in boats tonight and I believe are
land about 4 miles further along the coast.
Thursday 6th May, 1915
Up at 6 a.m. had breakfast then as nothing was doing with us took a walk
beach. Saw a Turkish major come in on horseback and surrender. While on
Turks opened enfilading fire with shrapnel on it. The shells passed over
about 17 mules and a dozen men were wounded within 100 yards of me. The
and men left had to clear from beach till our batteries silenced the enemies.
rest this afternoon. Our troops are advancing and doing splendid. The
a few miles up the coast last night have landed and from reports are also
The Turks gave us a taste of their shrapnel in the gully where we are
evening, but did no damage. On duty at hospital at 5 p.m. A very lively
rifle fire is
going on tonight.
Friday 7th May, 1915
Finished at hospital at 1 a.m. and turned in about 1.30 a.m. Had about
slight wounds and influenza. Got up about 9 a.m. Turks shelled us pretty
this morning but no one injured before dinner. After dinner they continued
us, they had a good range, shells falling all round us. One shell (shrapnel)
a yard of our hospital tent, luckily only one man was injured. One of
our bearers was
severely wounded in both legs. Had to keep under cover till 4 p.m. when
shelling ceased. About 4.30 p.m. went down to beach and had a swim, was
a bath pretty badly, also could do with a change of underclothes. We have
ourselves in sea water. All fresh water has to be bought from Malta in
quiet tonight. Timeline
Saturday 8th May, 1915
Up at 6 a.m. and cooked my breakfast, a couple of rashers of ham and some
biscuits (pretty hard). After breakfast had a walk round to see if I could
news. Could hear nothing except that our troops are doing well. After
down for a swim and enjoyed it thoroughly except that I had to cut it
short as the
Turks started shelling the beach with shrapnel and some fell in the water.
were killed on the beach and a few wounded. One of our fellows was wounded
evening while shaving, the cap of a shell drove into his dugout and hit
him on the
thigh. On at hospital at 5 p.m., have 21 patients. A lively rifle fire
started about 10
p.m. and is still continuing. Timeline
Sunday 9th May, 1915
Off duty from hospital at 1 a.m. and turned in, things were quiet about
Was up again at 9 a.m., a few shells passed over us this morning but fell
in the sea.
The Turks shelled our camp all afternoon and we had to keep under cover.
shell hit one of our corps killing him instantly and wounding another,
this shell failed
to burst. Had it not been so tragic, an amusing incident occurred. The
itself in the earth unexploded and one of our men ran and picked it up,
carrying it to
where a crowd were taking cover. They all ran away shouting for him to
bury it, he
put it down at his feet and looked amazed evidently wondering where the
It was taken to headquarters and unloaded. Three more of our corps were
this evening. Timeline
Monday 10th May, 1915
Hard fighting took place during the night and our bearers were called
out at 3 a.m. to
bring the wounded in. I got up at 6 a.m., things had quietened down by
this time. I
believe the Turks casualties were very heavy and our own are by no means
Three more of our corps were wounded this morning, two of them severely
slightly. Not much doing today, had a swim in the sea this morning, also
the sinking of the "Lusitania". Not been shelled so much today.
Was on picket this
evening for about an hour, looking after some stuff on the beach, had
to take cover
as some shrapnel started to burst all round us for about half an hour,
our boats soon
silenced them. While an Australian was being buried this evening a shell
fell right in
his grave without exploding.
Tuesday 11th May, 1915
Have had nothing at all to do today. Got up at 7 a.m. and had breakfast.
walk round this morning to see what was doing. Very few casualties came
After dinner the Turks shelled our camp again but did very little damage
and did not
injure anyone in our camp. They also shelled the beach and four men were
wounded, our batteries and fleet replied and succeeded in silencing the
Wrote a few short letters this afternoon as there is a mail leaving on
news of seven German destroyers being sunk in the North Sea. General Sir
Hamilton's letter of congratulations to our troops was posted up today.
A brisk rifle
fire is going on tonight.
Wednesday 12th May, 1915
On duty at hospital at 1 a.m. this morning, 25 patients, none serious.
Came off duty
at 9 a.m. Rained hard all night, up to knees in mud and most of our boys
out of their dugouts. Heaviest firing of big guns been going on all night
have been here. Our ships and batteries must have been creating an inferno
somewhere amongst the enemy. Turned in after 9 a.m. and had a sleep, been
miserable day raining on and off all time and up to knees in mud. Made
out of our waterproof sheets, kept us dry. Few shrapnel fell round us
Heard that the British troops that landed at entrance to Dardanelles are
and hemming the enemy between our forces. Timeline
Thursday 13th May, 1915
Was on picket from 12 midnight till 3 a.m. looking after medical panniers
Turned in at 3.30 a.m. and slept till 6 a.m. A few shells dropped round
today, no one injured. Commenced to fix up a dressing station on beach
at 10 a.m.,
had it ready for treating patients by 2.30 p.m. when I was told off to
rest till 6 p.m. At
6 p.m. I went on duty at dressing station, 2 doctors (Captains) and 4
of us in
attendance, have treated 23 wounds up to 9 p.m. Heard British battleship
has been sunk in Dardenelles. Australian light horse arrived today to
troops as infantry. A few spy's are being caught amongst our troops I
ships off coast have all lights out tonight, talk of two German submarines.
Friday 14th May, 1915
Came off duty at dressing station at 6 a.m. Treated 35 patients, all kinds
hand grenade, shrapnel and rifle bullet. Two that were brought in proved
shot through the brain and one through the spine. Had breakfast and turned
about 7 a.m. Slept till 1 p.m. A battery is mounted on the right just
above us and
has been troubling the enemy considerably, they tried to dislodge it this
the gully where we are camped was full of bursting shrapnel for about
however no one was injured and our battery remains intact. Went and had
about 5 p.m., we are having lovely weather. Have not heard how the boys
trenches are getting on today. Turned in at 9 p.m., roused out 5 minutes
later to go
to dressing station.
Saturday 15th May, 1915
Was at dressing station all night, nothing doing till 3 a.m. when 27 wounded
brought in. Our boys had charged another hill during night. Redressed
and sent men on board hospital ship, all pretty bad cases, some will have
amputation. Were relieved at 6.30 a.m. Turned in at 7.30 a.m., could not
Turks shelled our camp consistently. One shell burst by the hospital wounding
patients and one of our stretcher bearers. Went for swim this afternoon,
had to cut it
short as shells started to fall in water. Heard this evening that Italy
has joined the
Allies. Went on duty at 6 p.m.. Nothing doing till 10 p.m. when about
were brought in, mostly wounded by hand grenades which cause terrible
Sunday 16th May, 1915
Not much doing after rush last night till 4.30 a.m. this morning when
about a dozen
more were brought in. We redress wounds and send men on hospital ship.
the men take their injuries in good spirit and bear the pain wonderfully.
was brought in with thigh shattered by grenade, unconscious, eventually
terrible wound, extracted bullet from another mans thigh, right through
½ inch from
other side, never made a sound. Turks shelling beach at 7 a.m. Turned
in 8 a.m.
Went for swim 5 p.m. Turks shelled beach and our camp about 5.30 p.m.
shells hit a mine-sweeper but did not sink it, another shell fell about
6 yards from our
dugout blowing a stone about 30lb weight into our dugout. The stone grazed
one of our boys. On duty at dressing station 7.30 p.m.
Monday 17th May, 1915
Twenty-nine wounded brought in during night. Rifle fire was going on incessantly.
Four 6 inch Howitzers were landed during night and are being put in position
off duty 8 a.m. Turks put about 20 shells over us about 8.30 a.m. Turned
till 2.30 p.m. A lot of Indians of the mule transport corps with their
camped in the gully where we are today, they are fine chaps and make great
with those who are friendly towards them. Our ships bombarded the Turks
left flank today. Turks replied for a short time without effect, can't
Cruisers. On duty 8 p.m. Had word today two of our bearers who were wounded
had died on hospital ship. Only couple of wounded brought to us up to
Tuesday 18th May, 1915
Came off duty at 8 a.m. Had about a dozen wounded during night. Turks
20 shells on beach about 5.30 a.m. Turned in at 9 a.m. At 5.30 a.m. Turks
shelling the beach and the gully where our camp is, keeping the bombardment
for about and hour and half. Pieces of shrapnel fell in our dugout and
one shell just
cleared our hospital. Heaviest bombardment we have had since landing,
few were injured. Noticeable that Turks are using black powder today in
what few wounded have been brought in have looked worse than really were,
all had their faces burned and skin blackened by black powder in enemy's
On duty 8 p.m. Very quiet up to 12 midnight.
Wednesday 19th May, 1915
Fairly quiet till 4 a.m. when Turks made charge on our trenches. Our boys
severe losses on the enemy and drove them back. About 30 wounded brought
4.30 a.m., kept very busy. Enemy subjected us to terrific bombardment
a.m. Thought we were done for when large shell burst 15 yards from dressing
station. Off duty 8 a.m. Turks kept bombardment up all day, heaviest gun
have been under, but we have beaten them off with heavy losses. Had a
number of wounded in today. Two more of our chaps were wounded today by
shrapnel, while working in camps, one in same tent as myself while in
through eye. He was a fine fellow. Another camp mate, Andy Khiel who has
attached to headquarters was shot dead today. Shrapnel and rifle bullets
the dugout where I was sleeping today. On duty 7.30 p.m. tonight. Timeline
Thursday 20th May,
Everything very quiet during night, only one case came in after 12 midnight.
Received mail from home this morning. Off duty at 7.30 a.m. Some Japanese
bomb throwing guns were landed this morning, they are very small but are
to be very effective. The Turks kept up a desultory fire during the day
guns, most shells falling in sea. Turks asked for armistice this afternoon
dead, were found to be massing their men and bringing up reinforcements
opened fire. Enemy aeroplane flew over us today, dropped a bomb, driven
gun fire. A number of prisoners were taken this evening, some wounded.
at 7.30 p.m.
Friday 21st May, 1915
Our Squadron and Batteries bombarded enemy all night. Only about half
wounded brought in, light reply from enemies guns. Off duty 7.30 a.m.
General was brought in under a white flag of truce and caused a little
Understand he came for an interview with our Commander regarding and armistice
to bury their dead, don't know what the result was. Was returned from
our lines at 8
p.m. The quietest day we have had since landing. Firing was a bit more
tonight between 9 p.m. and 11 p.m. Went on duty at 7.30 p.m. About a dozen
wounded brought in up to midnight. Raining tonight and sea rather rough.
Saturday 22nd May, 1915
Only a couple of wounded brought between midnight at 7.30 a.m. when I
duty. Raining nearly all night, was pretty uncomfortable turning in, about
9 a.m. on
sodden ground and with damp blankets. Had fairly quiet day, our troops
holding their position without trying to advance until the British troops
who landed at Sed-el-bahr get up this far. Rifle and shell fire was intermittent.
ceased about 11 a.m. and it was very fine afternoon afterwards. Went on
7.30 p.m. Only 3 wounded till midnight. Had to keep wounded all night,
hospital ship moving off as enemy submarine had been sighted off the coast
Sunday 23rd May, 1915
Couple of wounded brought in after midnight last night. One died in half
through brain. Got our patients away to hospital ship at 5 a.m. One of
battleships, HMS "Albion" ran ashore last night. Steamed off
all serene at 9 a.m.
Two of our hydroplanes were up this morning watching enemy and our ships
some heavy shells in. Turks fired shells at our hydroplanes, but did not
Heard two enemy aeroplanes had been captured down south near Sed-el-bahr.
Very quiet this afternoon. Turks negotiating for armistice. Few more of
reinforcements arrived today. On duty at 7.30 p.m. Recieved 3 letters
this evening. No wounded at all brought in during night. Timeline
Monday 24th May, 1915
Armistice to bury dead today from 7 a.m. to 4 p.m., so when I came off
duty at 7.30
a.m. took a walk up to trenches. Our trenches in parts are only about
from Turk trenches and hundreds of dead were lying between, mostly by
Turks, they had over 3000 casualties 3 or 4 nights ago, some of dead been
couple of weeks. The smell was awful and after having good look round
was glad to
get away. Saw plenty of Turks busily collecting their dead only a few
Turks made half hearted charge about 8.30 p.m., easily repulsed with loss.
7.30 p.m. Only five wounded brought in all night. I believe all our batteries
been shifted since 4 p.m. when the armistice ceased. Timeline
Tuesday 25th May, 1915
Off duty at 7 a.m. after a very light night. Spent this morning in making
rainproof. Shortly after 12 noon was watching our battleships and destroyers,
only turned away about 3 minutes when my attention was directed to HMS
"Triumph" which was listing badly. An enemy submarine had torpedoed
her while I
was turned away. Took from 10 to 15 minutes before she turned over and
destroyers stood all round her. Great sight but awful. A destroyer shot
6 shots at
submarine, don't know if hit her. Very few men lost. I hear there were
submarines. Destroyers and aeroplane searched all day, heard one sub sunk,
not sure. HMS Triumph remained with hull visible for 3/4 of an hour before
right under. On duty at 7.30 p.m. Things quiet tonight. Rained hard today.
Wednesday 26th May, 1915
No patients all night till 5.30 a.m. this morning when 11 wounded were
they were not from the trenches but had been sniped while moving about
in the gully
leading to the trenches. During the day about 50 others have been wounded
same way, evidently a party of Turks have got a position covering a portion
gully. Off duty at 7.30 a.m. Has been a very quiet day except for the
destroyers seem to be very much on the alert for submarines, patrolling
About a dozen shells were fired over us and fell in the sea this afternoon.
2000 or 3000 reinforcements arrived today and were landed safely. On duty
p.m. Fine day. Timeline
Thursday 27th May, 1915
Not a single man brought in all night, so had a good sleep. Turks fired
a few shells
about 5 a.m. into the sea, did not hit anything at all. Off duty at 7.30
a.m. Wrote a
few letters after breakfast. Heard HMS Majestic had been sunk in the Dardenelles,
don't know if it is true. Has been very quiet with us, we keep wondering
when we are
going to make a general advance. About 7 p.m. another chap and myself
very narrow escape, a shrapnel shell from the enemy burst just above our
where we were sitting talking, the bullets out of shell fell all round
us, riddled our
canvas roof and overcoat hanging inside, but missed us both. 2 mules were
Indian wounded within 5 yards of us. Timeline
Friday 28th May, 1915
Only 5 wounded brought in up to midnight last night and none at all from
7.30 a.m. when I went off duty. Things are very quiet in trenches, occasional
of rifle fire during night, apparently very little damage done to our
fellows. Has been
just as quiet all day, our guns firing at intervals and the enemy replying
in a very
uncertain manner. Wrote some letters and posted them this morning, also
some tonight. On duty 7.30 p.m. only one wounded man up to 10 p.m. and
half a dozen sick. Some of our boys, fortunately only a few, are feeling
breaking up, couple of days fixes some of them up. Did little washing
Saturday 29th May, 1915
Very quiet up to 3.30 a.m. when enemy made an attack on our trenches.
started by blowing up portion of our trenches which they had sapped, followed
with a charge and actually got into our trenches where fierce fighting
took place, our
boys eventually drove them back with heavy loss and also took and held
one of their
trenches. Our losses fairly severe, but enemy's very severe. Was kept
dealing with the wounded until 7.30 a.m. when I came off duty. Turks shell
heavy on the beach for part of morning, but very little damage done. Party
brought in wounded man, started off for more, one killed 20 yards from
through heart. Say 16 Turkish prisoners brought in, one wounded. Had swim
afternoon. Went on duty at 7.30 p.m.
Sunday 30th May, 1915
Very quiet night again, about six wounded brought in during the whole
duty 7.30 a.m. Heard from one of his pals that Stan Cohen is reported
was with 5th Battalion when they left this part to go round and attack
not seen afterwards. Received news 2 of our submarines got through Dardanelles
and did great deal of damage to enemy shipping, returning safely. On duty
p.m. very quiet up to midnight. Had swim this afternoon. Our destroyers
enemy's trenches very heavily. New Zealand outpost cut off by the enemy
all day, I
believe our troops got through to them this evening and relieved them.
battleships about here now, only destroyers. Blew up a bit rough this
Monday 31st May, 1915
About 8 wounded brought in between midnight and 7.30 a.m., all badly wounded.
Went for swim at 7 a.m. Off duty at 7.30 a.m. About 1000 reinforcements
this morning. About 9 a.m. had pleasant surprise, had visit from W. Hill,
walk with him to the extreme line we hold on right flank and saw A. Milne.
chat and had look at enemy's trenches, about 1000 yards away, through
Our aeroplane sighted enemy submarine and dropped bomb, don't know if
effect, also destroyers raced up, looked out for submarine coming up,
don't know if
successful. On duty at 7.30 p.m. Had swim this afternoon. No patients
up to 12