Thursday 1st April,
Was on duty in hospital all night till 9.30 a.m. this morning. We had
none serious only one who needed watching. He was raving mad from drink
had to tie him down and inject morphia to keep him quiet. He was right
morning and was sent back to his lines. We played some 1st April jokes
on some of
our comrades during the early hours of this morning. One sergeant we woke
pitched a yarn to, got up and saddled his horse and was galloping off
found out the joke. Another one got up to take the dying depositions of
a man who
did not exist. Altogether we had about 20 N.C.O's and men out on fool's
between 2 a.m. and 5 a.m. The picket assisted in the joke. I turned in
breakfast and slept till 2.30 p.m. when I got up shaved, had a shower
myself respectable. Did not go out of camp this evening. Very hot and
again today. Timeline
Friday 2nd April, 1915
Reveille was not till 6.30 a.m. this morning and we paraded at 7 a.m.
when we were
informed that as it was "Good Friday" we were to have a holiday
and the day was to
be as a Sunday. At 10.15 a.m. our corps played a soccer match against
Battalion Infantry. I was playing centre half for our corps and after
a hard game and
an element of luck on our side we won by 3 goals to 2. I had the good
score the second goal for our side. We played on the Heliopolis sporting
ground so I returned to camp straight away and had a good shower before
lay in the tent reading till after tea when three of us and my cousin
who had come to
see me took a walk into Heliopolis. During the evening we heard there
serious riot raging in Cairo and that shots had been freely exchanged,
Saturday 3rd April, 1915
Reveille at 6 a.m. this morning. Our (A) Section's day on at the hospital
so did not
have to parade. During this morning we had a thorough kit inspection and
to reduce the weight of our kits to 20lbs as we are to leave this camp
Wednesday next. I stayed in camp all afternoon until after tea, had all
my hair cut
off in case of disease. Orders were issued for everyone to have their
hair cut short,
all those who did not have it done by 6.30 p.m. we carried to the transport
Sergeant's tent and he ran the clipper right through the centre of their
hair so that
they had to have it all off. This evening four of us went to Luna Park,
a fair number
of soldiers were there as Cairo leave was stopped. A native who insulted
lady had a bad time of it, he was thrown into the water chute lake and
and thrown in again about ½ dozen times. Was back at camp 10 p.m.
On duty at
hospital at 11.30 p.m.
Sunday 4th April, 1915
On duty at hospital all night till 7.30 a.m. this morning. We had eight
breakfast I put the whole morning till dinner time in at sewing another
part onto my
haversack so that I can carry more in it. We had to hand our Red Cross
in to be stamped by the Brigadier as they are not recognised as genuine
stamp. I had a sleep after dinner till tea time which I needed and after
tea I wrote
another letter then went to the Heliopolis post office and posted it.
very quiet tonight, most of the soldiers not being allowed to leave camp
of going away this week. Back in camp 9 p.m. On at hospital at 11.30 p.m.
Monday 5th April, 1915
Came off duty at hospital at 7.30 a.m. this morning, we had three patients
overnight. It has been a very windy night and all day it has been blowing
and the flying sand has been like a thick fog, it has been a terrible
day, one not to be
forgotten. Our boys struck camp and marched off on an embarkation inspection
about 11 a.m. and returned about 1 p.m. I stayed behind as I had been
on duty all
night. We could not get any water to drink or to wash ourselves till about
tonight so with the heat, which was intense, perspiration, flying sand,
we have been
in a dirty and miserable condition all day. Cannot get the true strength
of the riot in
Cairo on Friday night. Heard from good authority 8 deaths had occured.
leave is stopped from today. Cannot get out of camp. On at hospital at
Tuesday 6th April 6th, 1915
Was on duty all night in the hospital till 7.30 a.m. this morning. After
breakfast we all
had to finally pack our kit bags and then each one was weighed to see
that they did
not go more than 20lbs. All those that had them overweight were ordered
something out and reduce the weight to the allowance. My kit was 19lbs,
but I have
some things rolled in my overcoat and in my blanket. We were then issued
emergency rations, which we carry with us always, we must not touch them
specially ordered, consist of tinned beef, biscuits and tea and sugar
to last 48 hours.
We were paid this afternoon. I drew £1-0-4d. One of the B Section
fellows of our
corps died last night at the base hospital from Pneumonia, he was taken
to the Base
from the "Berrima" when we landed. I received a letter from
my brother Harold and
one from my young lady (Daisy) tonight. I posted some letters tonight
at the camp
post office. On at hospital at 11.30 p.m. tonight.
Wednesday 7th April, 1915
Finished duty at hospital at 7.30 a.m. this morning and after breakfast
I had a sleep
till dinner time. After dinner our full corps paraded to attend the funeral
comrade (Parker) of B Section. A firing party and the 16th Battalion band
us. We marched to the hospital (Palace Hotel) where the coffin was placed
New Zealand gun carriage and we went to the church yard the other side
On the way we passed four ambulance vans with wounded Turks in them being
conveyed from the hospital to barracks. The churchyard in which our pal
buried, was a military one and was kept in splendid order. Three volleys
and the "Last Post" blown and we returned to camp. After tea
I went for a hot bath
at the military baths and went to bed at 9.30 p.m. Up to date 130 of the
buried in this churchyard. On at hospital at 11.30 p.m. tonight.
Thursday 8th April, 1915
Came off duty at hospital at 7.30 a.m. this morning, only two patients.
At 9.30 a.m.
our corps marched off along the Suez road and fixed up a dressing station
practice. I turned in myself after being on all night and slept till dinner
dinner I read for a little while and then did some writing. The boys landed
camp from their march about 3 p.m. and at 4 p.m. an auction sale was held
of all the
belongings of Parker our comrade who died. This is the Military regulation
money is forwarded to his relatives. Money was pretty scarce, still there
lively bidding for some of the articles. I took a walk this evening with
two Pals into
Heliopolis and returned to camp at 8.30 p.m. On at hospital at 11.30 p.m.
Friday 9th April, 1915
Finished duty at hospital at 7.30 a.m. this morning. I did not feel too
well so saw
Captain Dawson who examined me, nothing much wrong just a touch of Gastritis
probably caused by some of the tough beef we have been getting lately.
He told me
to take things easy for a couple of days and to only have light food,
milk etc. to give
my stomach a chance. I have done nothing at all today only lie down, am
not ill only
a little pain in the stomach. The boys had another march and fixed up
station again today, returning to camp about 4 p.m. We expect to clear
out of here
on Sunday next and everyone is looking forward to that time. I did not
tonight, did a little more writing. On hospital at 11.30 p.m.
Sunday 10th April,
Off duty at hospital at 7.30 a.m. this morning and then turned in and
slept till dinner
time. I got a pass to go to Cairo this afternoon as it will be our last
chance of having
a look round so four of us out of our tent went together. We had a general
look at all
that was to be seen of the city and visited the part where the riot took
place a week
ago. Things were fairly quiet as a lot of the troops have gone away and
tonight could not get leave. After dinner we visited the "Kursal"
Music Hall and
enjoyed a rather good programme. Returned to camp about 9.30 p.m.. I have
pretty well alright today, but have not eaten anything solid.
Sunday 11th April, 1915
Should have been on duty overnight but only had one patient and as we
forward to being up all night tonight, I slept on the bed next to the
patient who is a
fellow out of our tent. He only took bad yesterday evening and we have
had to leave
him behind as appendicitis is feared. We struck camp and cleared everything
today, packed wagons and got everything ready to leave. At 6.15 p.m. we
for inspection by the Colonel and at 7 p.m. we marched from our camp at
to Cairo station which we reached about 9.30 p.m. We loaded our wagons
and then entrained ourselves. Train moved out about 12 p.m. I feel quite
Monday 12th April, 1915
Travelled all night, crowded I snatched about an hour and half of broken
Arrived at Alexandria at 6 a.m. and went straight on board the troopship
A32. Put our equipment in the places where we are going to sleep and then
work to load our horses, wagons and stores. We worked hard all day, the
taking us till 6.30 p.m. and we moved from the wharf at 6.45 p.m. The
accomodation on this boat is very bad, we have 500 horses and 500 troops
board. Our sleeping quarters are on the third deck and we have to sleep
on the floor
in the horse stalls. We have our meals anywhere on the deck. The horses
the deck above us and are kicking and stamping in great style. Alexandria
busy with shipping. Hundreds of boats are here, mostly troopships British
French. We anchored off the town at about 9 p.m. It has been a very hot
"Californian" is a horse boat and is only supposed to have accomodation
for 70 men
and we have 500 on board. Timeline
Tuesday 13th April, 1915
Reveille at 5.30 a.m. this morning and we paraded about 6.30 a.m. Orders
and then dismissed till 9 a.m. At 9 a.m. we had life belt inspection and
fatigue duties till dinner time. At 2 p.m. we paraded again and issued
clasp knives and those who needed boots got them too, I got a pair. We
dismissed about 3 p.m. but still had to do any fatigue duty if wanted.
I was assisting
to get provisions on deck out of the hold till tea time. We weighed anchor
steamed away from Alexandria about 5 p.m. Saw the French hospital ship
had lot of Indians on. Turned in about 8 p.m. The food not up to much
not too much of it. Everything is pretty rough on this ship. Timeline
Wednesday 14th April, 1915
Reveille at 5.30 a.m. and parade on starboard saloon deck at 6 a.m. We
physical drill for about an hour, then dismissed till after breakfast.
Paraded again at
9.30 and were paid at 10 a.m. I received 14/-, we were given the rest
of the morning
to sew brassards and red crosses on our overcoats. At 2 p.m. we paraded
marching order for inspection by the Colonel, this lasted about an hour,
were dismissed for the rest of the day. Of course we had to do any fatigue
called on. The food is a little better today but by no means brilliant.
The ship has
rolled and dipped a little today and a lot of the troops are suffering
sickness, 20 men out of our section were unable to parade for inspection
afternoon through sea-sickness. It has not troubled me yet.
Thursday 15th April, 1915
Went to bed very early last night and was up at 5 a.m. this morning. Reveille
a.m. Parade and physical drill at 6 a.m. Inspection in full marching order
Colonel at 9 a.m. We have seen islands on both sides of us all day, we
somewhere in the Greek Archipelago or think so. I had a narrow escape
killed or badly hurt this morning about 8.30 a.m., was working four decks
a fellow knocked one of the hatch planks weighing 4 or 5 cwt down, it
fell about 25 or
30 feet to the deck on which I was standing, knocking off my hat and taking
skin off my hand. This afternoon we were divided into echelons or sections
disembarkation, I am in the 3rd echelon, the last of our corps to leave
Tucker been fairly good today. Issued with 1/4 lb Captain tobacco and
2 boxes of
matches this afternoon.
Friday 16th April, 1915
Up again at 5 a.m. this morning. Sighted island of Limnos about 6 a.m.
physical drill at 6 a.m. Parade and inspection by the Colonel in full
at 9.30 a.m. Dropped anchor in a splendid harbour at Limnos about 9.45
Outside the harbour we met 2 Auxilliary Cruiser and Destroyers and 2 Submarines.
Inside the harbour is a fleet of our war vessels and of our allies also
a number of
transports and a hospital ship. They cannot be seen from outside. One
of the war
vessels has been pointed out to me as the "Queen Elizabeth"
and quite close to us
is the "Agamemnon". One of her funnels has been badly hit and
her fore-top mast is
gone, otherwise she looks alright. We had a lecture today by Captain Welch
parade in our echelons for disembarking.
Saturday 17th April, 1915
Reveille at 5.30 a.m. and physical drill, at 9.30 a.m. we paraded and
most of our
fellows went ashore in the ship's boats for practice at disembarking.
At 2 p.m. the
rest of us, consisting of two boats, went ashore. Before landing we rowed
the Queen Elizabeth and round about her. She is a magnificent fighting
We rowed round a small island in the harbour and eventually landed on
the island of
Limnos and had a look round. Some of us went in for a swim. There are
only a few
farm houses about but the land is very rich and some good crops are growing.
harbour is a very fine one and is full of small inlets in each of which
There must be about 150 transports and warships here. One of the light
"Dublin" went out last night after a Turkish destroyer which
had got out, ran the
enemy ashore and was back this morning.
Sunday 18th April, 1915
Reveille 5.30 Parade 6 a.m. Paraded again at 9.30 a.m. in full marching
with blankets and waterproofs and we went ashore in the ship's boats taking
stretchers with us and midday rations. We had a swim after landing and
round then had dinner. After dinner we had a couple of hours stretcher
drill and then
went back to our ships. I picked a few forget-me-nots while ashore to
About 10 more transports arrived today, it is a fine sight all these vessels,
island is so peaceful, it is a lovely little place, wild looking hills
and beautiful green
valleys with their crops. One of our hydroplanes was flying about for
nearly an hour
this evening. Have met a number of sailors who were on our warships in
Dardenelles, some of them off the Ocean which was sunk.
Monday 19th April, 1915
Reveille at 5.30 a.m. Physical drill at 6 a.m. Paraded again at 9.30 a.m.
marching order and had more practice at disembarking in the ship's boats.
Zealand artillery which we have on board lowered the pontoons which we
board and had some practice at disembarking their guns and ammunition
After dinner we had a lecture by Captain Finn who is a dentist on our
mouth and the necessity for keeping same clean. About eight or nine more
transports arrived today, also three or four more British Cruisers. A
today and is anchored about a mile from us, she is like a cruiser to the
but through the glasses appears to be a dummy cruiser, that is a merchant
done up to resemble a cruiser. Turned in at 7.30 this evening, have been
early every night since I have been on board.
20th April, 1915
Reveille at 5.30 a.m. Physical drill at 6 a.m. At 9.30 a.m. we had a parade
marching order for inspection, were dismissed and had to parade again
at 11 a.m.,
on this parade we had to wear our pouches and belts only and every man
had to be
shaved and have his boots dubbin'd. This was to see all our boots were
order and that we had our full equipment of bandages in our pouches. At
2 p.m. we
had a lecture by Captain Finn and at 4 p.m. we had a medical inspection.
We had a
wireless message today that 24 men of the transport "Manitou"
(B10) had been
drowned through a couple of boats upsetting when she was attacked by a
destroyer, this boat arrived here 5 hours after us so that we only missed
by a little. It is very windy today, sea rough.
Wednesday 21st April, 1915
Reveille at 5.30 a.m. very windy and rough. Physical drill at 6 a.m. We
further parades today as it has been so rough and rained very hard all
the morning three of our pontoons broke adrift and went ashore, very lucky,
the rocks and went up on the sandy beach, towed off undamaged and hoisted
board this evening. During the afternoon I was down the hold packing and
ready for disembarkation, medical comforts and stores. A
another large transport arrived today also two or three more cruisers.
harbour is just a mass of vessels and is a sight rarely seen and never
must be about 200 vessels here now. Weather moderated a great deal tonight.
Rumours about that we leave tomorrow.
Thursday 22nd April, 1915
Reveille at 5.30 a.m. and physical drill at 6 a.m. Did not fall in on
parade at 9.30
a.m. as a party of us had to work in the hold to get ready for disembarking
wagons and stores. We were told on parade at 6 a.m. that we would be leaving
here tonight sometime for the Gallipoli Peninsular, don't know what time
we will be
moving. Worked in the hold all morning and the best part of this afternoon.
came on board just before tea and I received two letters, expect more
mail to come
later tonight. It was fairly rough again this morning but has been very
afternoon and evening. Wondering if we will still be here when I wake
Friday 23rd April, 1915
Reveille at 5.30 a.m. Parade at 6 a.m. We did not have physical drill
Orders had been countermanded and we had not moved as we expected during
night. Paraded again at 9.30 a.m. and we had some first aid work for practice.
was told off to get ready to go ashore (where there is a base hospital)
with a patient
who has pnemounia. I was ready all day, but the man was not sent off.
five more letters today, they buck a fellow up. We had an echelon parade
afternoon. Just after tea a party (about 20) of British troops came on
some sailors, navy men to work our pontoons when disembarking. Some off
"Ocean" and "Irresistible" which were sunk. A few
transports moved out of the
harbour this evening.
Saturday 24th April, 1915
Reveille at 5.30 a.m. Parade at 6 a.m. Transports were moving out of the
also Cruisers from early this morning. We left about 8 a.m. and about
9.30 a.m. a
New Zealand man who had been in hospital for four days was found to have
pox so we returned to Lemnos reaching there about 11.30 a.m. Sent the
ashore into hospital and left Lemnos again about 6 p.m. While in harbour
the "Queen Elizabeth", 6 other cruisers and 7 destroyers steam
out together. They
were a magnificent sight and I was greatly pleased at witnessing the scene.
to reach Gallipoli early in the morning and disembark. Very lucky not
to be all
quarantined through the case of small-pox. Been a lovely day, turning
expect work to begin in reality from tomorrow.
Sunday 25th April, 1915
Was awakened this morning about 4.30 a.m. by the sound of heavy firing.
at the entrance to the Dardenelles and our fleet was bombarding the enemies
and batteries, we were right in among our cruisers. The first of the landing
went ashore about 7 a.m. and some hot fighting ensued. The "Lizzie"
Elizabeth) put some of her big shells in and it was a magnificent sight,
Our fleet made the hills a hell of fire, a wonderful scene, none of our
to be hit. We steamed about 12 miles up the outside of the "Gallipoli"
about 10 a.m. and we expect to land here soon. Fleet is bombarding the
along. Some Australian troops landed at this point this morning and have
fighting all day. The sound of rifles has not ceased, same with ships
guns till about
8 p.m. Hydroplanes and an observation balloon have been up all day. No
going on at present. The sight of a lifetime. Timeline
Monday 26th April, 1915
Still anchored about 1 mile from beach. Was called out at 2 a.m. this
morning as a
report had arrived that our troops had suffered rather heavily and some
wounded had to be brought on our ship. This report proved to be untrue
informed about 8 a.m.) and our troops were in a very good position. 8
of our men
(stretcher bearers) went ashore when the 2 a.m. report came and we arranged
temporary hospital, operating and dressing rooms on our ship. I have been
watching the fighting all the day. The "Lizzie" opened up at
6 a.m. and with about 9
other Cruisers raked the hills with shell, a lot more of our troops landed,
field artillery which have now got a good position on top of one of the
hills. I can see
them flashing as they fire and they are going a treat. Incessant rifle
gun firing all day. Sea aeroplane and balloon have been up. The "Lizzie's"
are awful. Beautiful weather. Timeline
Tuesday 27th April, 1915
Reveille at 5.30 a.m. Parade at 6 a.m. Firing had been going on all night.
watched our ships shelling the hills all morning and could also see two
batteries of Field Artillery in the hills shelling the Turks. Rumours
that the enemy is
retreating are about, we are all anxious to get ashore. The Turks have
put a lot of
shrapnel along the beach today. Was watching the firing this afternoon
shells dropped in quick succession not far from our ship. Two dropped
in the water
about 100 yards from us and on each side of the transport next to us,
but none of
them hit any ships. Our ship immediately steamed out about another mile
shore also the other transports, out of range. Wind blowing up tonight.
went ashore about 8 p.m. Timeline
Wednesday 28th April, 1915
Reveille 5.30 a.m. no parade until 9 a.m. The firing on shore did not
severe this morning and our ships were not bombarding so much. At 9 a.m.
paraded and the Colonel addressed us, told us might possibly use our transport
field hospital for a few days, dismissed us and told us to rest all day
as they might
bring wounded on board tonight and we might have to work all night. This
our fleet bombarded the coast a little further up and we heard that our
advanced and got a good position. Wrote four letters this afternoon. It
is just after 6
p.m. now and we have just received orders to prepare to land tonight.
"California" about 7.30 p.m. and went on board a trawler (mine
sweeper) which is to
Thursday 29th April, 1915
On the trawler all night, rained hard, was very cold, snatched a little
sleep in a barge
moored alongside our trawler. Landed about 8 a.m. and very glad indeed.
shells fell in the water while we were waiting to land and a few rifle
bullets hit the
trawler, but no one was injured. Unloaded our stores and took up position
range of hills. The beach is crowded with soldiers and stores and is a
The fleet is shelling the next range over our heads, and Turks bullets
whistling over our heads all day, feel quite used to them tonight. Saw
several of our
troops wounded. Took a walk to top of hill and watched some of our Ghurka
batteries shelling enemy, bullets all over place. One of our bearers slight
thigh. Rifles and all kinds of equipment are lying all over hills. Have
getting position fixed today. Timeline
Friday 30th April, 1915
Was looking after patient with pneumonia all night, so got no sleep. A
night, bullets were whistling over us all night and about 3 a.m. some
fired shells over us for about half an hour, they all fell in the sea
about 200 yards
behind us. Took our patient down to clearing hospital at 10 a.m. Bullets
humming over us all day and occasional shells burst over our position.
continue shelling the enemy over our heads. One patient in this evening,
Englishman, shell burst in trench and buried him, was got out and found
uninjured by shell but stone deaf and found to be suffering greatly from
several bad wounds today. Had three good meals, plenty bacon and bully
Want sleep, pretty tired. Timeline